This paper presents the validation for the TIPS quality assurance framework (see this pamphlet at http://www.open-ed.net/oer-quality/tips.pdf) for creating open educational resources (OER). A total of 205 criteria were elicited from more than 60 OER experts around the world and then referred to participants at several international workshops on quality assurance. From these workshops, 65 criteria were identified as essential, and these were then put together to form a four-level framework covering the teaching and learning aspects (T), information and material content (I), presentation product and format (P), and system technical and technological aspects (S): giving the acronym TIPS. Here this TIPS Framework is validated in a Delphi -style referral back to OER experts to determine its content validity, according to Lawshe (1975). The Content Validity Ratio was calculated for each of the 65 items, and the resulting Content Validity Index was found to be above 0.80, after several items were rejected. The TIPS Framework was also referred to target end - users around the world for further validation. Most OER are authored by university faculty for reuse in universities, and relatively few are authored by school teachers for reuse in pre-tertiary education. The TIPS Framework is designed and intended for school teachers (and teachers not in schools) at the pre - primary, primary, secondary and vocational levels. Teachers were generally unfamiliar with OER initially, but nevertheless returned a high Construct Validity Index, and expressed their personal intention to try out the Framework in their teaching, to introduce e-learning technologies into their traditional practice. A second improved version of the TIPS Framework is published and available online as an OER in itself. While the intention is to help teachers, a final validation is now underway to examine the students to measure the learning improvements achieved from teachers using OER and the TIPS Framework.
Journal or Publication Title
Proceedings of the 2nd Regional Symposium on Open Educational Resources: Beyond Advocacy, Research and Policy (24-27 June 2014; Penang, Malaysia)